Baqarah 8 & 9
وَ مِنَ ٱلنَّاسِ مَن يَقُولُ ءَامَنَّا بِٱللَّهِ وَ بِٱلۡيَوۡمِ ٱلۡأَخِرِ وَ مَا هُم بِمُؤۡمِنِينَ
يُخَـٰدِعُونَ ٱللَّهَ وَٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَمَا يَخۡدَعُونَ إِلَّآ أَنفُسَهُمۡ وَمَا يَشۡعُرُونَAllah (SWT) describes the third group of people in these ayahs. And from the people who say: ‘We believe in Allah and the Last Day’ yet they are not true believers. However, they deceive none except themselves and they do not realise it.
فِي قُلُوبِهِم مَّرَضٌ فَزَادَهُمُ اللَّهُ مَرَضًا ۖ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ بِمَا كَانُوا يَكْذِبُونَAllah (SWT) says: In their hearts, there is a disease. The scholars have said that it is the disease of hypocrisy. Examples of hypocrisy are being two-faced in attitude, fake, etc and that is the disease that Allah mentions here. The scholars have also said, what is the reason for their hypocrisy – it’s their desire of holding on to the worldly things and not wanting to give up anything for the hereafter. So these are the hypocrites, and for them will be a painful punishment for the lies that they have told. As we go through the characteristics of their behaviour we start to understand why.
Baqarah 11 & 12
وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمْ لَا تُفْسِدُوا فِي الْأَرْضِ قَالُوا إِنَّمَا نَحْنُ مُصْلِحُونَ
أَلَا إِنَّهُمْ هُمُ الْمُفْسِدُونَ وَلَٰكِن لَّا يَشْعُرُونَAnd when it is said to them “Do not make mischief in the earth,” they say “ indeed, we make peace,” Beware, indeed they are the ones who make mischief but they don’t realise it.
Baqarah 13 & 14
وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمْ آمِنُوا كَمَا آمَنَ النَّاسُ قَالُوا أَنُؤْمِنُ كَمَا آمَنَ السُّفَهَاءُ ۗ أَلَا إِنَّهُمْ هُمُ السُّفَهَاءُ وَلَٰكِن لَّا يَعْلَمُونَAnd when they are told believe as the others have believed, they sarcastically ask ‘ Should we believe like these fools?’ Be aware, they themselves are the fools if only they could understand.
وَإِذَا لَقُوا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا قَالُوا آمَنَّا وَإِذَا خَلَوْا إِلَىٰ شَيَاطِينِهِمْ قَالُوا إِنَّا مَعَكُمْ إِنَّمَا نَحْنُ مُسْتَهْزِئُونَAnd when they meet the believers they say we are believers, but when they are alone with their shaitan they say we are really with you, we were only mocking the believers.
Baqarah 15 & 16
اللَّهُ يَسْتَهْزِئُ بِهِمْ وَيَمُدُّهُمْ فِي طُغْيَانِهِمْ يَعْمَهُونَ
أُولَٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ اشْتَرَوُا الضَّلَالَةَ بِالْهُدَىٰ فَمَا رَبِحَت تِّجَارَتُهُمْ وَمَا كَانُوا مُهْتَدِينَAllah will throw back their mockery on them and leave them alone in their trespasses, so they wander to and fro like the blind. These are the people who barter guidance for error but their bargain is profitless and they’re not going to be guided.