Guest Post by: Shazia Chowdhury

Qur’an Summary Juz 1 & 2 Surah Fatiha & Baqarah

The Book of Allah

quran-summary-juz-1-&-2-surah-fatiha-and-baqarah

The Qur’an starts off with Surah Al Fatiha. Allahpage1image1785248 gives us a supplication – it is a Dua for guidance for mankind and with that, Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم tells us “adua hul ibadah” – it is a supplication for worship. In this manual of Qur’an, Allahpage1image1785248 teaches us the proper manner to worship Him.  Surah Al Fatiha reveals the nature of the relationship Allahpage1image1785248 wants us to have with Him. We are able to approach Him directly with this Dua. The Qur’an does not start off with a story, or about someone, it starts with you speaking directly to Allahpage1image1785248 and asking Him for guidance. It starts with ‘Ummul Kitab’ – Mother of the Book. The Foundation of the Book.  Surah Al Fatiha is to seek Allah’spage1image1785248 guidance and Him providing us with it. In Surah Al Fatiha, we say:

“Guide us to the straight path” Qur’an (1:6)

Next, we ask Allahpage1image1785248 for guidance, in Surah Al Baqarah, it says:

“This is the Scripture in which there is no doubt, containing guidance for those who are mindful of God” Qur’an (2:2)


Allahpage1image1785248 tells us how to be guided. He gives us the reason:

  • Why we should believe
  • Proof of the Book
  • Stories of the first mistakes
  • Stories of previous nations and previous Prophets

Allahpage1image1785248 tells us what guidance is; why we should seek it and how to be sincere in that pursuit of guidance. He gives us the stories of people who fell off from the path of guidance (so that we don’t fall into the same trap). He identifies the factors that cause them to fall from guidance and affirms that this message is one that requires dedication on the part of the believer and if an individual is sincere, He will constantly see them through obstacles.

When we ask Allahpage1image1785248 for guidance, in Surah Al Fatiha, He then mentions, “this is a guidance book” and mentions about traits of three types of people.

There are three ways Revelation will be received:

  1. Those who believe in Allah and want to accept His guidance.
  2. Those who purposely turn away from the guidance of Allah (and because they turn away from Him, He seals their hearts, eyes and ears) and mentions the hypocrites who are not sincerely seeking guidance but uses guidance for their worldly benefits.
  3. Those who reject the message with arrogance.

Desire and Pride

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Allahpage1image1785248 gives us beautiful stories, such as the first man Adam, and what caused Adam to fall. He tells us about Iblees who was a guided Jinn and left guidance. In the case of Adam, he was temporarily disconnected from the guidance of Allahpage1image1785248 because of his simple desire.

“Shahwa” is a means of a person missing out on guidance. It’s when a person lets their desires get the best of them and turn away from guidance. It is when Allahpage1image1785248 asked him not to eat from the tree, but he still did. Later, Adam turned back to Allahpage1image1785248 for guidance. In the case of Iblees, it was his destructive characteristic, a flaw of pride, which caused Iblees to permanently turn away from guidance. “Kibr” means pride. For instance, when a person suffers from the disease of pride, they find it much harder to come back to Allahpage1image1785248 because of suffering from desires.

Two reasons for turning away from guidance:

  1. Desire (temporary)
  2. Pride (permanent because of Iblees)

The Children of Israel turned away from Allahpage1image1785248 because they insisted on their desires, that later became a form of pride, which was always wavering. Sometimes they turned to Allahpage1image1785248 and sometimes they turned away.

Pharaon was the equivalent of Shaitan in a human being; a man who insisted upon his pride before guidance, humanitarianism and before any type of empathy. He worshipped himself and wanted everyone to worship him. the Children of Israel insisted on their desires, but some of them turned to Allahpage1image1785248.

Allahpage1image1785248 mentions Suleimanpage2image1812352 he had access to his desires and had all of the elements that usually make a person full of pride. He had a Kingdom greater than Pharaon and had access to the desires that the Children of Israel would dream of having, yet Suleimanpage2image1812352 was able to take those elements, channel them in a way that would bring him closer to Allahpage1image1785248 rather than turning away from the guidance. Suleimanpage2image1812352 did not disbelieve, rather it was the Shaitan that disbelieved.


Follow The Sunnah

quran-summary-juz-1-2-surah-fatiha-and-baqarahThere were some people who followed our father, Ibrahimpage2image3899872 and followed the Abrahamic paths and ways. Allahpage1image1785248 inspired Ibrahimpage2image3899872 and the believers who are expected to follow the path of Ibrahimpage2image3899872 and later to follow our beloved Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم.

Allahpage1image1785248 praises the character of Ibrahimpage2image3899872 in many ways. Ibrahimpage2image3899872 was one who was truthful to Allahpage1image1785248he always sought guidance and despite the difficulties he was facing, he responded in a way that was pleasing to Allahpage1image1785248 His examples of submission are clear to see, not questioning or doubting Allahpage1image1785248 not finding loopholes like the Children of Israel did, not feeling a sense of pride with the great position Allahpage1image1785248 gave him. Ibrahim represents everything that a person would want to achieve in coming closer to Allahpage1image1785248

Every time Allahpage1image1785248 asked Ibrahimpage2image3899872 to submit, he submitted. He never showed stubbornness or preference to his desires over what Allahpage1image1785248 commanded him to do. He always preferred the way of Allahpage1image1785248. 

Allahpage1image1785248 mentions the character of Ibrahimpage2image3899872 and what he wanted to see from his children, to worship Allahpage1image1785248 and stick to the guidance. The Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم is what believers must understand and follow in order to understand the Qur’an properly. Allahpage1image1785248 sends us:

  • Guidance
  • Implementation of the Guidance in Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم
  • Purification (from falling off from guidance)

Allahpage1image1785248 mentions “tazkiya” before “ilm” – which is purification before knowledge. It is when a person is a slave to his desire, ego or pride, they inevitably use those for their worldly benefits. Ibrahim wants to see his people and nation follow the right path.

Qibla – The Direction of Salah

quran-summary-juz-1-2-and-surah-fatiha-and-baqarahAllahpage1image1785248 later mentions the change in the Qibla, the direction of the prayer from Jerusalem to the Kaa’ba. Ibrahimpage2image3891808 and Ismaelpage2image3891808 built the Kaa’ba and asked Allahpage1image1785248 for its acceptance, and asked for a Prophet to be sent that would live up to its expectations and standards. Allahpage1image1785248 mentions that a Prophet will be coming and his Ummah was commanded to face the House that was built by Ibrahim and Ismael and made dua for Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم and his nation.

Believers face the direction of Ibrahim, both physically and spiritually; they adapted that standard Ibrahim wished to see in his nation and the Ummah of the Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم.


Ramadan

Allahpage1image1785248 mentions that He has prescribed upon us fasting, as he prescribed it to those who came before us so that we can gain taqwa (piety). Fasting is for believers to gain guidance in their lives. The Qur’an was revealed in the month of Ramadan. Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم said all the Scriptures were revealed in the Month of quran-summary-juz-1-2-surah-fatiha-and-baqarahRamadan. The goal of Ramadan is to give believers, taqwa in order to gain guidance, along with gaining piety and becoming more aware of Allah as we complete the month. We are also meant to glorify Allahpage1image1785248 praise Him, declare His greatness and thank Him for His guidance. Guidance is not imposing or harsh, it does not cause stress, but gives us the best of this world and in the Hereafter.

 


Importance of Dua and Guidance

In Surah Al Fatiha, it started off with a Dua for guidance and then Allahpage1image1785248 mentions He sends guidance and the importance of dua. Allahpage1image1785248 says, when His servants call Him, He is near to them. He answers the call of the caller, and lets them believe in Him, and manifest guidance.

“Rushd” is a level above “hidayah”, which is greater than guidance. It is when guidance manifests in “amal (actions). Some scholars said “hidayah” is guidance for knowledge and guidance to the path. Allahpage1image1785248 says if a believer calls Him and when the believer answers His call, they will achieve guidance in every single way. Allah mentions a believer should enter into submission entirely, just like the way Ibrahim did and not follow the footsteps of Shaitan, Pharaon or the Children of Israel who insisted on their desires which earned their destruction. Believers should follow the way of Ibrahim, the way Adam turned back to Allahpage1image1785248 and the way Musa dealt with obstacles.


At the end of Surah Al Baqarah it says:

“God does not burden any soul with more than it can bear” Qur’an (2:286)

Allahpage1image1785248 did not give to Adam and the Children of Israel what they could not handle. He did not make Firaun too powerful that he could not find guidance, because Suleiman found guidance. Allahpage1image1785248 does not overburden a person. He will not give people more than what they can handle.

In Surah Al Fatiha, we ask for guidance, and at the end of Surah Al Baqarah, we ask Allahpage1image1785248 to keep us firm on that guidance; this is a beautiful correlation which was given to the Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم  directly under the throne of Allahpage1image1785248.

“The Messenger believes in what has been sent down to him from his Lord, as do the faithful. They all believe in God, His angels, His scriptures, and His messengers. ‘We make no distinction between any of His messengers,’ they say, ‘We hear and obey. Grant us Your forgiveness, our Lord. To you we all return!’”
– Qur-an (2:285)

“God does not burden any soul with more than it can bear: each gains whatever good it has done, and suffers its bad- ‘Lord, do not take us to task if we forget or make mistakes. Lord, do not burden us as You burdened those before us. Lord, do not burden us with more than we have the strength to bear. Pardon us, forgive us, and have mercy on us. You are our Protector, so help us against the disbelievers.”
– Qur’an (2:286)


Shazia Chowdhury is a student of the Qur’an and Sunnah and loves to share beneficial knowledge and voices out her personal insights to connect with people. Produced her first- Ramadan Booklet in 2018. Founder of an NGO, which helps the poor to live life healthier and happier. On a side- she adores being a foodie, an explorer as well as a nature lover!

3 Comments

  1. Masha’Allah sister, this blog post is just amazing! I love the different sections you have chosen to speak about. Your writing is really easy to understand and I love how you explained everything. May Allah [swt] bless you with more success. Thank you for sharing such a spiritual post.
    Lots of love,

    xxx

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