Study notes for Word Analysis of Quran Lesson 2, Surah Baqarah Ayats 1-5.  I hope you find them beneficial to your studies. 


بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

الٓمٓ (١) ذَٲلِكَ ٱلۡڪِتَـٰبُ لَا رَيۡبَ‌ۛ فِيهِ‌ۛ هُدً۬ى لِّلۡمُتَّقِينَ (٢) ٱلَّذِينَ يُؤۡمِنُونَ بِٱلۡغَيۡبِ وَيُقِيمُونَ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ وَمِمَّا رَزَقۡنَـٰهُمۡ يُنفِقُونَ (٣) وَٱلَّذِينَ يُؤۡمِنُونَ بِمَآ أُنزِلَ إِلَيۡكَ وَمَآ أُنزِلَ مِن قَبۡلِكَ وَبِٱلۡأَخِرَةِ هُمۡ يُوقِنُونَ (٤) أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ عَلَىٰ هُدً۬ى مِّن رَّبِّهِمۡ‌ۖ وَأُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ هُمُ ٱلۡمُفۡلِحُونَ (٥)


Surah Al-Baqarah has 286 verses, 25,500 words.

This Surah is called Al-Baqarah which literally means The Cow, named after the story of the Cow, in verses 67-73.  

These verses (1-5) cover the revelation of Quran, it contains no doubtful statement and is a guide for those who are God-conscious.


1. Alif, Laam, Meem 

Alif, Lam, Meem:  This is Huruf-e-Muqatta'at, which means the disjointed letters.  These letters are to be read separately and not together like you would when pronouncing the English alphabet.  Here, the letters are written together in Arabic but not to be pronounced together.  

الٓمٓ - these three letters together do not have a linguistic meaning but the Scholars have indicated they have a purpose:

  • to prove the miraculous nature of the Quran.
  • to exalt the next ayah to be read
  • to alert the reader to listen

Although the Scholars have speculated as to the purpose, only Allah  knows the meaning. There are 29 other Chapters in the Quran that begin with huruf-e-muqata'at.


ذَٲلِكَ ٱلۡڪِتَـٰبُ لَا  رَيۡبَ‌ۛ فِيهِ‌ۛ هُدً۬ى لِّلۡمُتَّقِينَ

2. This is The Book about which there is no doubt, a guidance for those conscious of Allah


ذَٲلِكَ that

 Arabic Translit EnglishMeaning
ذَٲلِكَthalikathat to point towards something far


 In Arabic Grammar:

 ذَٲلِكَ  that - points to something far

   هذا    this - points to something near

Here,  ذَٲلِكَ is used to exalt what is being pointed out.  That Book, it indicates that the Quran is not an ordinary Book.


ڪِتَـٰبُ book

ڪِتَـٰبُك  ت  بkitabubookto write something

that which is written, recorded

A book as many concepts, topics, sentences are joined and written together.

ٱلۡڪِتَـٰبُ The Book.  Here a ٱل (the) is added to make the word a proper noun, specific, The Book, (the entire Quran). 


 لَاlanoused for negation

no, not


رَيۡبَ doubt

رَيۡبَر ب ب   rayba doubtto make uncertain

رَيۡبَ is a doubt that makes a person restless, they always feel anxious, have mental unrest.  Allah says that this Book is free of that doubt.

فِيهِ‌ۛ in it - It, is referring to The Book.  There is no doubt that this Book is from Allah  There is also no doubt about anything in the Quran.  A believer will not for a moment doubt anything in the Qur'an.  It is all fact and it will all happen.


هُدً۬ى guidance

هُدً۬ى  ه د ى   hudaguidanceto show the path, to help them on the path, to take them to their destination 

This Book is a clear guide that shows the path.  If you remain on the path prescribed, you will, by the will of Allah reach the final destination.


لِّلۡمُتَّقِين  those who adopt taqwa

لِّلۡمُتَّقِينَ و ق ىlil muttaqeen(those who adopt) taqwato take protection, to take a shield, ward off

Those who adopt taqwa safeguard themselves. Taqwa is what saves one from sinning and disobeying Allah.  If a person disobeys Allah knowingly, they are then inviting the punishment of Allah. Taqwa is two things:

  • to obey Allah and what he has commanded 
  • to abstain from what he has forbidden

If you do these two things then you will have taqwa. 

ٱلَّذِينَ يُؤۡمِنُونَ بِٱلۡغَيۡبِ وَيُقِيمُونَ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ وَمِمَّا رَزَقۡنَـٰهُمۡ يُنفِقُونَ

3. Who believe in the unseen, establish prayer, and spend out of what We have provided for them


ٱلَّذِينَ   those who

يُؤۡمِنُونَ  they believe 

يُؤۡمِنُونَ ء م نyu'minoona(they) believea blessing that fulfills some need of a person ie. emaan, faith, piety 

يُؤۡمِنُونَ  comes from emaan (faith) which has three aspects:

Tasdeeq bil qalb: to affirm something in the heart to be true - Al Haqq

Iqra' bil lisaan: to say it with the tongue - Shahada

Amal bil Jawarih: manifests into worship - Action


بِٱلۡغَيۡبِ in the unseen

بِٱلۡغَيۡبِ   غ ى ب  bil ghaybi(in the) unseenthat which is unseen, absent, concealed, backbiting 

Refers to all that is beyond and hidden from the human senses. To backbite a person, you do this when they are hidden from you, they are not in your presence.  You cannot hear, touch, smell, see or feel the unseen. Ghayb is also of two types:

General Ghayb:  you cannot see or know what is happening in the next room.

Specific Ghayb: The Angels, The Jinn, Qiyama, Allah, Hell Fire, Heaven etc 

The Specific Ghayb is that which we have not seen but a Muslim is required to believe in them all. 


يُقِيمُونَ they perfectly establish

يُقِيمُونَ    ق و م  yuqeemoona(they) perfectly establishto make something stand straight, establish something, to perfect

To perfect something as it should be established, such as the five daily prayers.


ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ the prayer

ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ  ص ل وas salaah (the) prayerto burn, follow closely, supplication, blessing

When gold is burned, all impurities are removed they are burned away, likewise the Salaah burns or extinguishes the sins of a person.

The Salaah does not refer to Dua, which is a supplication that can be made at any time with or without wudu.  The Salaah refers to the ritual Salaah. It is a prayer that is performed in a set manner five times a day. The Salaah is also established by meeting the conditions.

Ritual Salaah

  • 5 daily prayers
  • Jumuah prayers (for men)
  • Eid prayers

Conditions of Salaah

  • making the intention
  • wudu
  • facing the qiblah 
  • pray on time
  • correct clothing 

وَمِمَّا  and from what

رَزَقۡنَـٰهُمۡ we provided them sustenance

رَزَقۡنَـٰهُمۡ  ر ز قrazaq'nahum  - rizq(we provided them) sustenanceevery beneficial thing, to provide, means of subsistence, bounty

 رَزْق  provision -  Allah provides provisions for every living thing in order for them to survive, ie, fish require water, animals require grass, people require food, shelter, etc., rain which brings forth sustenance is a blessing that we need to survive.   Rizq is also of two types:

  • Tangible: food, house, bed, family, physical, skills, talent, money etc
  • Intangible: emaan, time, knowledge, etc



يُنفِقُونَ  they spend

يُنفِقُونَ  ن ف قyunfiqoon


(they) spendto spend, to come out of a hole, when something is used up, expenditure

If there is a hole within something, whatever is inside will not stay.  If there is a hole in your pocket nothing will stay inside.  This is like those who spend their wealth.  They do not store or hoard their rizq (provision). They spend for the sake of Allah, on themselves, their families and charity. It does not mean literally a hole in the pocket, rather it shows that they are not selfish and greedy. As money comes to them it goes straight out. 


وَالَّذِينَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِمَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكَ وَمَا أُنزِلَ مِن قَبْلِكَ وَبِالْآخِرَةِ هُمْ يُوقِنُونَ 

4.  And who believe in what has been revealed to you, (O Muhammad), and what was revealed before you, and of the Hereafter they are certain (in faith)


وَالَّذِينَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِمَا and those, they believe in what 

أُنزِلَ It was sent down

أُنزِلَ ن ز لonzila


it was sent downto come down from above, to descend

The Quran, the revelation that has been sent down.

إِلَيْكَ to you -  you, here is referring to the Prophet The people believe in what was sent down to the Prophet 

وَمَا أُنزِلَ مِن    and what was revealed from... meaning they also believe in that which was revealed from before the Quran.  

قَبْلِكَ before you

قَبْلِكَق ب لqabilik


before (you)in front, before in time or in place 

Qiblah is also from the same root - in front of us.

Here قِبْلَ  is referring to the previous Books that were revealed before the Quran. They believe in all the previous books such as:

  • Torah
  • Zabur
  • Injeel
  • and others we do not know of


وَ بِالْآخِرَةِ and in the hereafter

الْاَخِرَةِء خ رakhirah


(the) heareafterthat which comes later, that which comes at the end

Once the Dunya (worldly) life is over  الْاَخِرَةِ the hereafter will begin. The hereafter starts from the moment of death and includes:

  • Death
  • Questioning in the grave
  • Qiyamah
  • Jannah and Naar (paradise & hell)
  • Eternity


هُمْ them   they, the people who believe in all the mentioned characteristics

يُوقِنُون they believe with certainty

يُوقِنُون  ى ق نyuqinoon


(they are) certainto know something for sure, firm, certainty, to be sure

They have knowledge and belief that is free from any doubt.  Their attitudes are firm, not an attitude of maybe; It will definitely happen. They know for sure and strongly believe in heaven and hell.

أُولَٰئِكَ عَلَىٰ هُدًى مِّن رَّبِّهِمْ ۖ وَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ

5.  Those are upon (right) guidance from their Lord, and it is those who are the successful


أُولَٰئِكَ those people.   Olaika is the plural of thalika - that

The word those is used to exalt status.  Allah  is exalting the status of those who:

  • believe in the unseen
  • believe the Quran
  • believe in the books that were sent before
  • they establish the Salaah
  • they spend from their rizq (provisions)


عَلَىٰ upon  هُدًى guidance - those people who follow Allah's guidance are firmly on the right path  مِّن  from  رَّبِّهِمْ their Rabb.  They are given (tawfeeq) guidance from their Rabb  وَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ and those/they - such people are successful.

الْمُفْلِحُونَ those who are successful

الْمُفْلِحُونَ ف ل ح al muflihoon


(those who are) successfulsuccess, cultivate, till the ground, cutting, splitting, to endure, to prosper

Farmer is derived from this root word falah. A  farmer is someone who works very hard every day. He toils the land, he works long hours from dawn to sunset spends the entire day on the farm, putting in hard work. A farmer is successful only after putting in a lot of work.

Success is also derived from this root word falah. The success that a person attains after putting in a lot of struggles and effort. These people work their entire lives, they don't take breaks. Just like a farmer, the believer has to wait for their reward. By Allah's  Mercy, they will attain Jannah and be saved from the hellfire. 



































  1. Jazaakallaahu khayraa, I’ve started with learning the Qur’aan on my own and following your posts to understand it in its more deeply. I really appreciate your efforts and making this information available. We need it and I was looking for shunting just like it. Thank you so much. I pray you keep it going, aameen.

    Umm Talha
  2. Assalamu Alaikum.

    Subahanallah, Alhamdhulillah, Allahu Akbar.
    Its fantastic. In fact, I would interest to learn quran with word to word meaning. Its so beneficial and useful for me .

    Jazakum Allah Khairan Katheeran.

    Muhammad Ahmad
    1. Wa Alaikum Salaam, Alhamdulillah, glad you find it beneficial, You could follow the structured lessons here on this website. If you already understand basic Arabic it will guide you in your studies.
      Sign Up for the free handouts and resources for a pdf version of the lessons to print out. There are also classes that you can take word for word with Understand Quran Academy they are also good. May Allah give you the tawfiq to continue learning the language of Quran.

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