Plan Your Schedule For Ramadan. This article includes a Free Ramadan Weekly Schedule plus a pdf version of this article for you to download.
For any deeds to be accepted by Allah, it must meet two conditions:
- It must be done for the sake of Allah alone
- It must be done the way Allah and His Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) legislated
Check your heart and ensure what you are doing is for Allah and no one else. Educate yourself seek knowledge of Islam to ensure what you are doing is being done in the correct way, according to the Sunnah of our Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)
It is highly recommended getting up to eat something, even if a small amount.
The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said: “Have suhoor for in suhoor there is a blessing Bukhari 4/139
- Wake up for Suhoor finish eating as soon as Fajr starts
The Prophet (pbuh) said: "The two rakat of the Fajr is better than this world and all it contains" [Muslim, at-Tirmizhi]
2 sunnah before Fajar Salah
The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said: “He who observes twelve sunnah rakat in the course of a day and night will have a house built for him in Jannah: [Muslim]
4 before Zuhr
2 after Zuhr
2 after Maghrib
2 after Isha
2 before Fajr
- Don’t just recite the Quran in Arabic, read the translation and ponder over what you have recited.
'Don't the people ponder in the Qur'an, or do they have locks on their Hearts'. [Surah Muhammad, 47:24]
- Don't hasten in your recitation and know that each letter has 10 rewards and more in the month of Ramadan
The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said: 'Whoever reads a letter from the Book of Allah, he will have a reward, and this reward will be multiplied by ten'. [At-Tirmithi]
- The Quran will help you on the day of judgment.
The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said: 'Read the Quran, for indeed it will come on the Day of Standing as an intercessor for its companions'. [Muslim]
- Protect you and your house from the Shaytan
The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said: 'The house in which Al-Baqarah is recited is not approached by Shaytan'.[Muslim]
- The time for Duha begins when the sun has risen high and the day has become hot.
- The minimum number of rakat to be prayed is 2.
- The most that the Prophet (pbuh) performed was 8 rakat
- The most he mentioned was 12 rakat.
2 Rakat sunnah
Praying Salat-ul-Duha is a sign of constant repenting. It can bring you immense rewards and blessings and it was one of the advice of the Prophet (pbuh) to offer this prayer.
Salat-ul-Duha has various virtues.
- It is like paying charity for every joint in your body.
- It will forgive your sins.
- it is sufficient to protect you from evil, worries and anxieties throughout the day.
8 Rakat Sunnah
Anas reported the Prophet (pbuh) during a journey, he saw the Prophet pray eight rakat in the early day. The Prophet said: 'I prayed my prayer wishing and fearing. I asked my Lord for three things and He gave me two and withheld one. I asked Him not to put my ummah to trial by famine and He granted that request. And I asked that they would not be overtaken by their enemies and He granted that request. And I asked that they not be split into groups and parties and He refused that request. [Ahmad, an-Nasa'i, al-Hakim]
2 sunnah before Dhuhr Salah
Ibn 'Umar said: "We observed and preserved from the Prophet (pbuh) ten rakat of sunnah prayers: two before Dhuhr and two after it, two after maghrib in his house, two after 'isha in his house and two rakat before the Fajar [Bukhari]
4 sunnah before and 2 or 4 sunnah after Dhuhr Salah
Umm Habibah reports that the Prophet (pbuh) said: "Whoever prays four rakat before Dhuhr and four after it, Allah will forbid that his flesh be in the fire." [ Ahmad, Abu Dawud, at-Tirmizhi ]
4 sunnah before asr Salah
Ibn 'Umar reports that the Prophet (pbuh) said: 'May Allah have mercy on a person who prays four rakat before Asr prayer'. [Abu Dawud, at-Tirmizhi]
Iftar - Breaking Fast
Don’t delay breaking your fast
The Prophet (pbuh) said: 'The people will always be with the good as long as they hasten in breaking the fast." [Bukhari and Muslim]
Say 'Bismillah', then break your fast and say:
ذَهَبَ الظَّمَأُ وَ ابْتَلَّتِ الْعُرُوقُ، وَ ثَبَتَ الأجْرُ إنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ
Thirst is gone, veins are flowing again, and the reward is certain, Insha Allah [Sunan Abi Dawud 2357]
2 sunnah before Maghrib Salah
Ibn Abbas said: 'We would pray two rakat before Maghrib and the Prophet (pbuh) would see us but he would not order us to do so, nor would he prohibit us.'[Muslim]
2 sunnah after Isha Salah
Build your house in the Jannah, inshaAllah
Night prayers can be prayed anytime after Isha Salah, up until Fajar Salah.
The following all mean night prayer:
The Tarawih night prayers are prayed in the month of Ramadan, they are prayed in two rakat after each other, you can do as many rakat as you choose as it is a Sunnah prayer.
The Prophet (pbuh) said: 'Whoever establishes prayers during the nights of Ramadan faithfully out of sincere faith and hoping to attain Allah's reward, all his past sins will be forgiven'. [Bukhari]
Aishah says: 'The Prophet (pbuh) never prayed more than eleven rakat during Ramadan or otherwise'.[Bukhari, Muslim]
During the time of 'Umar, 'Uthman, and 'Ali the people prayed twenty rakat.
- The best time to pray such a night prayer is in the last portion of the night often referred to as Tahajjud
- Witr is also a night prayer, it consists of one rakat and is offered at the end of your night prayers, making them all witr
- Whoever has performed the Witr prayer after Isha and then wishes to do some more, he may do so but he is not to repeat the Witr
- There are no two witrs in one night.
Example: If you pray 4 rakat of night prayer after Isha and then end with Witr. You then go to sleep and wake up in the last portion of the night to pray, you do not repeat the Witr at the end.
Ali heard the Prophet (pbuh) say: 'There are no two Witr prayers in one night.' [At-Tirmizhi]
- If you are tired, just pray one rakat night prayer
Ibn Abbas narrates the Prophet (pbuh) ordered and encouraged them to make the Tahajjud prayer to the extent that he said: 'You should perform salat-ul-layl even if it is just one rakat' [ At-Tabarani]
- Don't overdo things; perform your deeds according to your ability but do them consistently
Call upon Me, I will respond to your supplications[Surah Ghaafir, 40:60]
- Make dua in prostration, not after your salah
The Prophet (pbuh) said: 'The nearest a servant comes to his Rabb (Lord) is when he is prostrating himself, so supplicate much (in this state)'. [Muslim]
- Make dua in the third part of the night
The Prophet (pbuh) said: 'Our Lord descends to the lowest heaven during the last third of the night, inquiring: 'Who will call on Me so that I may respond to him? Who is asking something of Me so I may give it to him? Who is asking for My forgiveness so I may forgive him?' [Bukarhi]
- Dua is a weapon for the believer, so make full use of it
The Prophet (pbuh) said: Dua is the weapon of the believer, the pillar of the religion, and the light of the heaven and earth' [Al-Hakim]
Specific Dua's of the Prophet (pbuh)
- After Eating
الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي أَطْعَمَنِي هَذَا الطَّعَامَ وَرَزَقَنِيهِ مِنْ غَيْرِ حَوْلٍ مِنِّي وَلاَ قُوَّةٍ
The Prophet (pbuh) said: 'Praise is to Allah who has fed me this food and provided it for me, without any strength or power on my part, is forgiven his past and future sins. [Abu Dawud]
- Morning and Evening Dua
Whoever says this as he enters upon evening, then, dies that night, he would enter Paradise; and if one says this as he enters upon morning, then, dies that day, he would enter Paradise". [Bukhari]
اَللَّهُمَّ أَنْتَ رَبِّي, لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ, خَلَقْتَنِي, وَأَنَا عَبْدُكَ, وَأَنَا عَلَى عَهْدِكَ وَوَعْدِكَ مَا اِسْتَطَعْتُ, أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ شَرِّ مَا صَنَعْتُ, أَبُوءُ لَكَ بِنِعْمَتِكَ عَلَيَّ, وَأَبُوءُ لَكَ بِذَنْبِي, فَاغْفِرْ لِي; فَإِنَّهُ لَا يَغْفِرُ اَلذُّنُوبَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ
The Prophet (pbuh) said: 'O Allah, You are my Lord. None has the right to be worshipped except You. You created me and I am your servant and I abide by your covenant and promise as best I can. I seek refuge in you from the evil, which I have committed. I acknowledge your favour upon me and I know my sins, so forgive me, for verily none can forgive sins except you'. [ Al-Bukhari]
Repentance (Tawbah) involves conditions:
- You must stop the sin
- Feel bad about the sin
- Be determined never to go back to the sin
- If you have violated the rights of others you must pay them back.
Prostrate to Allah, tell Him you are sorry and seek forgiveness and say sincerely you will never do it again, do it today. We do not know if we will be here tomorrow. Do not let Shaytan make you feel your sins are too big and that Allah will not forgive.
- Istighfaar is to sincerely seek Allah's forgiveness, asking Him to cover your sins and to protect you from its evil effects.
- If the Prophet of Allah, who Allah has promised Jannah, did Istighfaar then who are we not to?
The Prophet (pbuh) said: Allah said: 'O son of Adam, so long as you call upon Me, and ask of Me, I shall forgive for what you have done, and I shall not mind. O son of Adam were your sins to reach the clouds of the sky and were you then to ask forgiveness of Me, I would forgive you. O son of Adam were you to come to Me with sins nearly as great as the earth and were you then to face Me, ascribing no partner to Me, I would bring you forgiveness nearly as great as it.” [Hadith Qudsi]
Allah says: 'O you who believe, let not your riches or your children divert you from the remembrance of Allah. And whoever does that, then, surely they are the losers.' [Surah Al-Munafiqoon, 63:9]
- Subhanallah - Glory be to Allah
- Alhamdulillah -All praise belongs to Allah
- Allahu Akbar - Allah is the Greatest
- Laa ilaaha illallah wahdahu la sharika lahu, lahul mulku, wa lahul hamdu, wa huwa ala qulli shayin qadeer - None has the right to be worshipped but Allah alone, Who has no partner. His is the dominion and His is the praise, and He is able to do all things
- Astaghfirullah - I seek Allah's forgiveness
- La hawla wa la qu wa ta illah billah - There is no power and no strength save in Allah
- Laa elaha illallah - None has the right to be worshipped than Allah
The Prophet (pbuh) said: 'There are two phrases that are light on the tongue but heavy in the balance. They are:
- Subhana Allahi wa bi hamdi, Subhana Allahil-atheem - Glorified be Allah and with His praise. Glorified be Allah the Almighty'. [Bukhari]
- Aayat-ul-Kursi after each obligatory salah and before sleeping
The Prophet (pbuh) said: 'The one who recites ayahtul kursi after each of the obligatory prayers, then death will be the only thing preventing him from entering al-Jannah'. [At-Tabaraani]
The Prophet (pbuh) said: 'Seeking knowledge is an obligation upon every Muslim'. [Ibn Majah]
Seek Knowledge of Islam, through Quran and authentic Sunnah.
Keep yourself occupied performing good deeds.
The Prophet (pbuh) said: 'On the Day of Resurrection the feet of the son of Adam [man] will not move away till he is questioned about four matters: how he spent his life how he spent his youth; from where he acquired his wealth and how he spent it, and what he did with his knowledge." [Hadith Tirmidhi]
- Spend your time wisely, it is so precious – especially in this month
- Don’t waste your time in matters that do not concern you
- Don’t underestimate your good deeds no matter how small. They may be small to you but to Allah, it could be enormous
- Give in charity
- Strengthen family ties, spend time with them, be nice to them
- Help others
- Give salaam to those you know and do not know
- Provide Iftar for others
Last 10 Days of Ramadan
The Prophet (pbuh) said: 'He would strive to do acts of worship during the last ten days of Ramadan more than he would at any other time'. [Muslim]
During the last 10 days of Ramadan, I try my best to be more focused with my ibadah. I will make sure my calendar is free and book ahead. If I am working I ensure I take annual leave. Last year I was fortunate enough to go on Umrah during Ramadan. Here are a few suggestions you can do to increase your worship and focus in the last 10 days.
- Performing I`tikaf in the Masjid - seclusion in the Mosque
- Seeking Laylatul-Qadr - the Night of Decree
- Increase in your good deeds and acts of worship
Actions done on this night is better than one thousand months.
'Verily, We have sent it this Quran down in the night of Al-Qadr. And what will make you know what the night of Al-Qadr is? The night of Al -Qadr is better than a thousand months. [Surah Al-Qadr, 97:1-5]
Make dua on this night
Aishah said: 'I asked the Messenger of Allah (pbuh): 'O Messenger of Allah, if I know what night is the night of Qadr what should I say during it? ' He said: 'Say:
Allahumma innaka affuwwun tuhibbul afwa fafu annee
O Allah, You are pardoning and You love to pardon, so pardon me'. " [Ahmad, Ibn Majah]
When is the Night of Power?
Aishah said: 'Allah's Messenger (pbuh) used to practice I'tikaf in the last ten nights and say: 'Seek out Lailatul-Qadr in the odd nights of the last ten of Ramadan'. [Bukhari & Muslim]
The Prophet (pbuh) said: 'Look for the Night of Qadr in the last ten nights of Ramadan, on the night when nine or seven or five nights remain out of the last ten nights of Ramadan (i.e. 21, 23, 25, respectively) [Bukhari]
- The Muslim should seek out Lailatul-Qadr in the odd nights of the last ten (21, 23, 25, 27, 29 nights). If he is too weak or unable to seek it out in all the odd nights, then let him seek it out in the last seven odd nights.
And Allah knows best.
- It falls on the first day of Shawwal, the tenth month of the Muslim year
- It is haram to fast on the days of Eid
The Prophet (pbuh) forbade fasting on the day of Fitr and the day of Sacrifice Adhaa. [Muslim,827]
May Allah accept our deeds.